The #1 Rated Service For Real Twitch Viewers Growth

Buy Twitch Viewers

Twitch TOSCompliant

Fast OrderDelivery


Money BackGuarantee

5 / 5
51Total: 3 Rating
Price: $0.00
Add to Cart Buy Now

How to Buy Twitch Viewers at

Follow the Step by Step Guide for Buying High Quality or Premium Twitch Viewers at to increase your Twitch Viewers in no time.

Select Package

At LikesGeek, this amazing service for Twitch Viewers is starting in just $2.61 for 250 Twitch Viewers.

Enter Your Details

Please provide us with the correct link on which you need Twitch Viewers. No Password Required.

Enter Email Address

Please Enter correct email address on which you want us to keep you posted until your order is delivered.

Select Payment Method

Select to pay with Credit Card, Bitcoin or PayPal and press Buy Now button to complete the purchase.

Get Twitch Viewers to Enhance Exposure

Get Twitch Viewers to Enhance Exposure

If you enjoy increasing Twitch Viewers on your stream, buy our high-quality services within your budget. Check out our exclusive deals.

Whether you want to buy 250 Twitch Viewers or 100,000, increase your stream with us and enjoy successful growth.

Ordering process for Twitch Viewers is easier than you think. After payment completion, the system will generate your order instantly!

If you are looking for a trustable source to buy Twitch Viewers, then review our dependable deals for high-quality results.

Yes, I need more on Twitch
Buy Twitch Live Stream Viewers Cheap

Buy Twitch Live Stream Viewers Cheap

Do you want to boost the traffic of your Twitch channel? Look no further than our active and affordable Twitch live stream viewers packages! With our instant delivery and easy checkout process, it is easier than ever before to get viewers you need to take your Twitch channel to the next level.

At Likes Geek, we pride ourselves on offering a straightforward and hassle-free buying process for our valued customers. We prioritize transparency and keep our clients informed throughout the process. Our top priority is ensuring your online safety and privacy, which is why we never require any sensitive information that could potentially harm your online presence or account.

We also provide generous offers to help our customers grow their twitch audience quickly while benefiting from substantial discounts. For instance, you can

  • Buy 1000 live stream viewers for $16.17 with a 34% discount,
  • 2000 live stream viewers for $29.89 with a 39% discount,
  • or 2500 live stream viewers for $36.14 with a 41% discount.
  • If you opt for 3000 live stream viewers, you can receive a 43% discount, which means you'll only pay $41.89.

When comparing our twitch packages, you'll notice that the discount increase as the package size grows. For example, purchasing 2000 live stream viewers for $30 instead of 1000 viewers for $16.17 provides you with a $2 discount. Similarly, if you purchase 3000 live stream viewers instead of 1000, you'll save $6.11. By opting for larger packages, you can not only obtain more viewers but also benefit from greater discounts and cost savings.

We encourage you to buy more live stream viewers on Twitch because they are affordable and can help boost your visibility on the platform. Let Likes Geek help you grow your Twitch audience today!

Can / Should You Buy Twitch Viewers

Can / Should You Buy Twitch Viewers

The possession of a substantial number of viewers on a Twitch channel is of great significance due to several reasons. Firstly, it presents an opportunity to attract genuine followers who have a keen interest in the content, thus enabling an expansion of the fanbase. An increased count of Twitch views brings along recognition, visibility, and prospects for the recipient.

Having more Twitch viewers, therefore, creates an advantage over competitors by increasing visibility and providing numerous opportunities. Hence facilitating the organic growth of one's profile. Additionally, the algorithm tends to prioritize profiles with high engagement levels such as comments, followers, and the likes, commonly associated with a large audience.

Another advantage of having an impressive live stream viewer count is the increased likelihood of attracting potential sponsors who may be interested in collaborating.

This is particularly true for individuals who produce high-quality content that can capture the attention of other established content creators, streamers, and brands. As a result, their credibility is enhanced, and their profile status is elevated.

Ultimately, a higher number of views on Twitch has the benefit of enhancing the streamer's position in Twitch's ranking system. By evaluating streamers based on their total views, this system can increase the profile's visibility to a larger audience.

A higher viewer count may have a positive impact on the profile of the individual.

LikesGeek stands out as the best option for buying high-quality, active, real, and genuine Twitch viewers since other sites may not offer the same level of quality and authenticity. With LikesGeek, individuals are assured of a safe, secure, and trustworthy service.

Get Real Twitch Viewers For Productive Streaming

Get Real Twitch Viewers For Productive Streaming

The popularity of live game streaming is increasing, and many game enthusiasts are spending a significant amount of time engaging with others to turn their passion into an exciting activity. As a new streamer, it can be difficult to succeed in the competitive world of live game streaming. That's where our service comes in - we provide real Twitch viewers to help you reach your desired audience.

Twitch is a top platform for gamers to showcase their gaming achievements worldwide. In this highly competitive platform, purchasing viewers for your Twitch stream can give you an advantage while maintaining the quality of your streams.

Buy Twitch Viewers, Chatters or Streamers Fast [Instant Delivery]

Buy Twitch Viewers, Chatters or Streamers Fast [Instant Delivery]

LikesGeek is your one-stop-shop for boosting your live stream viewership in a matter of hours. If you're new to the realm of live streaming platforms and looking for a reliable and fast way to build your audience, we've got you covered.

Our system offers a number of offerings to meet your specific requirements and budget. We have a package for you whether you need a small or large number of viewers. We understand that building a following can be challenging, which is why our team is dedicated to providing you with the quickest turnaround time in the industry.

Once you've selected your package and completed the payment process, our team immediately begins processing your order. We guarantee to deliver your desired number of viewers to your live stream within 24 hours. Once your order is fulfilled, you will receive a confirmation email promptly.

LikesGeek takes pride in delivering dependable and top-notch services to our customers. Our team works diligently to ensure all orders are handled efficiently and competently. Should you have any inquiries or uncertainties, our customer support staff is available 24/7 to aid you.Join the thousands of satisfied clients who have used our services to enhance their live streams and engage with their viewers.

Purchase More to Attract More Viewers on Twitch

Purchase More to Attract More Viewers on Twitch

Performing any immediate actions on a streaming platform, such as Twitch, Tiktok, Vimeo or YouTube , can potentially lead to negative consequences. As a result, it is best to go with a bigger Twitch Viewers plan. This package offers a gradual increase in viewer count, which cannot be traced by the platform. Our website provides a secure and genuine method of purchasing Twitch viewers, with immediate delivery.

There are several unspoken benefits to purchasing viewers, including the ability to attract more organic viewers to your stream. We have solved the problem of rapidly growing your presence on Twitch by offering long-term and active Twitch viewers from real users worldwide. Beginning your Twitch journey and lifting the ranks has never been easier.

Pay For Twitch Viewers with PayPal / Credit Card / Crypto

Pay For Twitch Viewers with PayPal / Credit Card / Crypto

We understand the importance of providing a wide range of payment options to ensure that our customers have a seamless experience while placing their orders. We offer various payment methods, such as credit cards, Bitcoin, and PayPal, which makes it easy for you to select the option that best suits your needs.

If you prefer to use PayPal to complete your transaction, we have a minimum order amount of $10 for this payment method. Easily choose PayPal as your payment method during checkout and follow the instructions to complete your order. We provide the option of paying with PayPal via WhatsApp for added convenience.

You can simply connect with us on WhatsApp at +1 (734) 215-7429 and we will guide you through the payment process. Our team is ready to answer any questions or resolve any issues you may have.

At LikesGeek, we strive to provide our customers with a seamless experience throughout the order process, including the payment phase. We value your time, that's why we made the payment process as simple and straightforward as possible.

How to Buy Cheap Viewers on Twitch?

How to Buy Cheap Viewers on Twitch?

LikesGeek maintains a policy of keeping its processes simple and transparent in order to keep you informed about your order. To purchase Twitch live stream viewers, all you need to do is provide basic information on a short form that does not include your account password, email address, or other sensitive data.

To buy real and active viewers on Twitch, simply follow these easy steps:

  • Choose a package that meets your requirements.
  • Provide a link to the profile for which you want to purchase viewers.
  • Enter the number of viewers you would like to purchase, and then add your order to the cart to proceed. The system will display an estimated delivery.
  • To finish your order, proceed to checkout and choose your favorite method of payment from credit card or PayPal.

Our team is committed to delivering your order within the estimated delivery time, which may vary depending on the number of views you require. If you experience any delays in the delivery of your order, we offer our clients the option to request a refund, which we will process within three business days.

If you have any questions or concerns about your order, our team is available to assist you via email or WhatsApp at any time. Don't put off seeing the results you want any longer; make your purchase with us today!

How Many Stream Viewers on Twitch to Make Money

How Many Stream Viewers on Twitch to Make Money

The number of stream viewers on Twitch required to make money varies depending on several factors, including the type of content you stream, the length and frequency of your streams, and the ways you monetize your channel.

Twitch pays its Partners and Affiliates through its Partner and Affiliate programs respectively. To become a Twitch Affiliate, you must meet certain criteria, including

  • Having an average of three or more concurrent viewers
  • Over the last 30 days, you must have telecast for at least 500 minutes.

Once you become an Affiliate, you can earn money in a variety of ways, including advertising, subscriptions, donations, and sponsorships.

While it's possible to earn revenue with a few concurrent viewers, it may take a substantial number of viewers to earn a significant income. Some Twitch streamers with large audiences can earn a full-time income, while others may only make a small amount of money. Ultimately, the number of stream viewers needed to make money will depend on several factors unique to your channel, and it may take time to build an audience and generate revenue.

How to Gain Viewers on Twitch Organically

How to Gain Viewers on Twitch Organically

Gaining viewers on Twitch organically can take time and effort, but it is possible.

Here are some tips for growing your Twitch audience organically:

Consistency is key: Consistently streaming at regular intervals can help build a following. By establishing a consistent streaming schedule, your audience will have a clear idea of when to anticipate new content, allowing them to tune in accordingly. Furthermore, engaging with your viewers during your streams can help foster a community around your channel. Encouraging viewers to provide feedback, responding to comments, and creating an inviting atmosphere can entice them to return for future streams.

Promote your stream: Social media can be a powerful tool for promoting your stream. Share links to your Twitch channel on your social media accounts and other online communities that you are a part of.

Work collaboratively with other streamers: Working with other streamers can help you reach a new audience. Reach out to other streamers who share similar interests and see if they would be interested in collaborating on a stream.

Stream content that you are passionate about: Viewers are more likely to tune in if they can tell that you are genuinely interested in what you are streaming. Choose games or topics that you are passionate about and that will keep you engaged throughout your stream.

Keep in mind that growing a Twitch following takes effort. Stay consistent, engage with your audience, and stay true to yourself and your interests, and you can slowly build a community of viewers organically.

How to Get more Vewers on Twitch Free?

How to Get more Vewers on Twitch Free?

Embrace the dawn of a new era with LikesGeek's latest announcement of an exclusive free service, dedicated solely to their esteemed clientele. Brace yourself for a thrilling opportunity to receive 10 free viewers on every profile, allowing you to celebrate your victories.

Don't worry if you haven't looked into our packages yet. We implore you to seize this chance to indulge in our unparalleled services. We take immense pride in our customer-centric approach, which promises to exceed all expectations.

Why would you want to purchase Twitch views? If you're not interested in waiting a longer amount of time to obtain new followers, you can purchase Twitch followers. In this manner, you may instantly establish a positive first impression and increase organic views. Numerous users engage in risky behavior, such as cheating, in order to maximize the number of views on their videos. However, this is extremely ineffective and can result in serious harm to your channel.

With LikesGeek, you can instantly boost your views at a cheap rate and with certainty, while also earning significant money from your twitch channel.

Worth a try to buy 250 Twitch Viewers for $2.61?

  • 250 delivery in just 1-2 Hours!
  • 250 price — just $2.61!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 250 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

How popular is your Twitch channel? The number of watchers is used to determine the popularity of a video. The more views a video obtains, the more popular it is viewed by other viewers. It's quite difficult to achieve a certain level of popularity on Twitch.

Users can only learn about a stream if their channel is rated highly and promoted. You can purchase 500 real Twitch viewers from us for this purpose.

Worth a try to buy 500 Twitch Viewers for $3.54?

  • 500 delivery in just 1-3 Hours!
  • 500 price — just $3.54!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 500 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

If you do not meet the minimum viewership requirement, you must purchase at least 1000 active Twitch viewers. By purchasing Twitch viewers, you may increase the visibility of your video and encourage other users to check it out. You'll gain more viewers, and some of them may decide to follow you.

When you buy Twitch viewers from us, you show your channel to your target audience and show that other people are watching your content.

Worth a try to buy 1,000 Twitch Viewers for $6.26?

  • 1,000 delivery in just 1-7 Hours!
  • 1,000 price — just $6.26!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 1,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

Are You Interested in Purchasing Twitch Viewers? Likes Geek will credit you for the number of views you purchased. If you want 250 active views, it will take between 1 and 7 hours. We will not delay any longer. We can supply a thousand viewers in as little as one to seven hours.

We promise that you will obtain the number of viewers stated. We verify that these are genuine viewpoints. We offer a guarantee on refills.

Worth a try to buy 2,500 Twitch Viewers for $13.34?

  • 2,500 delivery in just 4-19 Hours!
  • 2,500 price — just $13.34!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 2,500 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

You understand that you want to be able to stand out and build a loyal community around your niche, but you're not sure how to achieve it if you're on your own.

To begin with, you must have high-quality content, but you also need to have a sufficient number of viewers for each stream. You can buy high-quality 5000 Twitch viewers for your channel in order to change how other customers think about your content.

Worth a try to buy 5,000 Twitch Viewers for $24.36?

  • 5,000 delivery in just 1-2 Days!
  • 5,000 price — just $24.36!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 5,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

Will purchasing Twitch followers benefit you? By acquiring premium 10,000 Twitch viewers, you can boost your channel's popularity.

As a streamer, you must aim for a larger audience, which we can assist you in achieving. It boosts viewer trust and communicates to them that your stuff is of outstanding quality. These two aspects contribute to the success of services such as Twitch.

Worth a try to buy 10,000 Twitch Viewers for $47.56?

  • 10,000 delivery in just 1-3 Days!
  • 10,000 price — just $47.56!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 10,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

Increase Your Twitch Views Immediately! This is the most successful approach for attracting new visitors. This way, you may encourage your clients to advertise you and make purchases from you.

Whatever you expect when purchasing Twitch views from us, we can exceed your expectations! Our package pricing is determined by the demands of our consumers.

Worth a try to buy 25,000 Twitch Viewers for $116.00?

  • 25,000 delivery in just 1-7 Days!
  • 25,000 price — just $116.00!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 25,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

If you're wanting to purchase Twitch views bundles, this is an excellent way to begin rapidly growing your business. This platform's advantage is that it enables you to generate income from your followers. You can earn more income by sending visitors to your channel to view your videos.

Our price-performance ratio is out of this world and cannot be verified anywhere else. After you've paid for your item, shipping will begin immediately!

Worth a try to buy 50,000 Twitch Viewers for $226.20?

  • 50,000 delivery in just 1-2 Weeks!
  • 50,000 price — just $226.20!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 50,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.

Is one of your company's goals to promote your channel? if yes, then You may develop a verified reputation with LikesGeek. Our services are established on a straightforward basis.

By targeting and marketing your business or personal channel on Twitch, you may quickly gain popularity. The number of followers, likes, and views on your channel is the foundation for the traffic that will be attracted to it.

Worth a try to buy 100,000 Twitch Viewers for $452.40?

  • 100,000 delivery in just 1-4 Weeks!
  • 100,000 price — just $452.40!
  • 90 days retention guarantee!
  • Email support —
  • LikesGeek — buying 100,000 cheap with paypal. Secured checkout.
Stable Growth

Likesgeek is a committed website for buying Likes/Followers/Views. Our primary intention is to support your pages with stable growth. Our services will not disappoint you.

Real People

Our products for Likes/Followers/Views are free of Bot generated unlike our competitors. We ensure you for our services Likes/Followers/Views of real users.

Secure Payment Gateway

Likesgeek is linked with a renowned security payment gateways. We have a reliable system for secure payments. So, choose one option to buy confidently: Crypto, PayPal, and Visa/Master card.

Fast Delivery

We deal with our every order like individual delivery. After successful payment for an order, your order will reach you within 12 to 24 hours. But bigger orders will take time.

Live Support

We are proud of our outstanding products. If you have questions, we have Live Support for a better direction. You can access us 24/7 for helpful guidance.

Money back Guarantee!

Buy Likes/Followers/Views from us with a full refund guarantee. If you are not pleased with our products, we will pay back your 100% money within 30 days.

Frequently Asked Questions

Over millions of customers trust "Likes Geek," the best social media services provider to deliver the real services. Have you got any questions? Let our experts answer you the best way!

Contact Us

This is something that we never do. We don't need to have access to your account in order to keep our promises. In the future, you may want to also choose a password that you don't share with anyone.

There is not one answer to this question. Every viewer will be important for your channel in the long run. Start with moderating and then go big when you get serious about it.

We have never seen that happen or received a complaint about these problems. So you can stop worrying and start growing your channel.

We do not collect any personal information, so it is safe. We have a certificate that proves this.

When someone joins your live stream, it means that they are watching you. It is counted as a view.

Twitch does not give such a feature.

You can buy viewers for your streams.

If you watch Twitch, then you count as a viewer.

If you are on the settings page, click twice on your profile. You can see how many followers you have.

Kicking on Twitch is when you stop someone from being able to be in the live chat.

Click on the person you want to kick. Then click the three dots next to their name. You will be able to kick them out of your chat.

Breaking the rules on Twitch will get you banned. For example, if someone is streaming and they don't want to answer questions, they can just close the chat box.

Live views on Twitch refer to the number of times a Twitch stream has been viewed by someone during a live broadcast. This includes both unique views and repeat views.

When a viewer clicks on a Twitch stream while it's live, they will be counted as a live view. If the same viewer watches the stream again during the same broadcast, their view will be counted again as a live view.

Live views are a key metric used to measure the popularity and engagement of a Twitch stream. They can be used to track the growth of a stream's audience, determine the most popular times and days for streaming, and help streamers and advertisers make decisions about the content they produce and promote.

It's important to note that live views are different from total views, which include both live and recorded views. Total views include all views of a Twitch stream, whether they were viewed live or as a recorded video after the broadcast has ended.

To see the viewers on a Twitch stream, you must be a moderator or the channel owner. If you are a viewer of a Twitch stream, you can see the number of viewers who are currently watching the stream, but you cannot see a list of who those viewers are. Here's how to see the number of viewers on a Twitch stream:

  • Go to the Twitch website and log in to your account.
  • Navigate to the channel of the streamer you want to investigate.
  • The number of viewers currently watching the stream is displayed beneath the video player.

If you are a moderator or the channel owner, you can access additional information about the viewers. Here's how to see the list of viewers on a Twitch stream:

  • Go to the Twitch website and log in to your account.
  • Navigate to the channel of the streamer you want to investigate
  • Click on the chat box to open the chat room.
  • At the bottom of the chat room, you will see a list of viewers currently watching the stream.
  • If you are the channel owner, you can also access additional information about your viewers through your Twitch dashboard. This includes data such as the number of unique viewers, average viewership, and the total number of views.

    When you do something that interests you, your goal is to become an amateur and excel at it. Similarly, as a streamer, your primary goal is to become the best in the business. You must respect the work of others who have mastered that skill. You must keep up with the updates to the streamer ranking list if you want to build your career quickly.

    As a result, given the importance of this fact, we have included it in the list: who is the top streamer?

    • To answer this, we'd like to share a research ranking list with you.
    • Tfue with 224,000,000 no. of viewers is on top
    • Tyler is on second with 167,000,000 no. of viewers
    • Nickmerks is on third with 108,000,000 no. of viewers

    To get 10 free viewers, you can contact us on WhatsApp at +1 (734) 215-7429.

    As a viewer on Twitch, there are several ways to download videos from the platform:

    Twitch video producer: If the streamer has enabled video downloads, you can use the Twitch video producer to download the video. Go to the channel and click on the "Videos" tab, select the video you want to download and click on the three dots icon to open the options. If a download choice is available, you can use it to save the video.

    Third-party software: You can use third-party software like Twitch Leecher, 4K Video Downloader, or JDownloader to download Twitch videos. These applications allow you to download videos by entering the video's URL.

    Online video downloader: There are many online video downloader tools available that allow you to download Twitch videos by entering the video URL. Some popular options include, KeepVid, and Video DownloadHelper.

    It's important to keep in mind that downloading videos without the streamer's permission may violate Twitch's terms of service and copyright laws. Be sure to check if the video is available for download before downloading it, and always credit the streamer if you use the downloaded video in any way.

    As a viewer on Twitch, there are several commands you can use in chat to interact with the streamer or perform actions.Here are a few of the most popular Twitch commands for viewers:

    /raid - Used to raid another channel with your viewers after your stream has ended.

    /host - Used to host another channel on your stream.

    /me - Used to type a message in chat with your username highlighted. This command can be used to express actions or emotions in chat.

    /whisper - Used to send a private message to another user on Twitch.

    /clip - Used to create a clip of a specific moment in the stream.

    /emote - Used to display the information about a specific emote. For example, typing /emote Kappa will display information about the Kappa emote.

    /uptime - Used to display the length of time the stream has been live.

    /discord - Used to display the link to the streamer's Discord server.

    /bits - Used to display the number of bits you have cheered in the channel.

    Keep in mind that Twitch has rules and guidelines for chat, so make sure to use commands in a respectful and appropriate manner.

    Unique viewers on Twitch refer to the number of individual viewers who have tuned in to a particular stream or channel during a specific period of time, regardless of how many times they may have watched. This statistic is used to calculate the total reach or audience of a specific Twitch channel or stream. Unique viewers are a key metric for Twitch streamers and advertisers, as they provide an estimate of the number of individuals who have been exposed to a stream or channel and its associated content.

    As a viewer on Twitch, you can only access chat logs for streams that you have participated in or watched live. Here's how to access chat logs as a viewer on Twitch:

    • Go to the Twitch website and log in to your account.
    • Select "Dashboard" from the drop-down menu after clicking on your profile picture in the top right corner.
    • Press the "Settings" tab in the Dashboard.
    • Select "Moderation" from the "Channel Preferences" menu.
    • Scroll down to the "Chat Logs" section and click on "Download".

    This will download a text file of the chat logs for the channel that you have participated in or watched live. You can use the text file to review the chat logs, search for specific messages or keywords, or analyze the chat data. It's important to note that chat logs may not be available for all channels, as it is up to the streamer to enable this feature. Additionally, chat logs are only available for a limited time, usually 14 to 60 days, after which they are automatically deleted.

    Want To Hear More About Our Work?️

    Don’t Take Our Word For It! Hear what our other clients often say about us.

    1. Good service

      - Steve
    2. They are the most amazing people I have ever come in contact with. They have helped me in a way that I had just dreamt of and I know that they are such honest and good people who could never do injustice to anyone ever. They are just incredible. Excellent services provider with fast delivery.

      - Rose
    3. I loved their services as they delivered exactly what they promised. They are just so wonderful that I did not have to face any difficulty with them. Their charges are very economical for even the lowest budget people and they are just great in everything that they do. They are a service that I will always come back to. Great service! Very fast response. I highly recommend working with them! They are the real deal.

      - Tyler
    4. They are absolutely awesome and there is just everything about them that screams perfection. Without their help, probably my business would not have been as successful as it is today and I have no one else to thank but them for the inexplicable assistance I received.

      - Jerry
    5. They have been the most helpful in helping me increase the social media engagements on the multiple platforms that I have an they are so precise for something as complex as this that they have completely and successfully have me as equally baffled and surprised. They are just fantastic people.

      - Stephanie
    6. Everything have been done within the time frame I’ve given. Prices are affordable for newcomer like me, just started online business. I have been so happy with their help and that is precisely why I would like to recommend them to all the others who may be looking for something similar.

      - Elizabeth

    Submit Your Review

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *